The significant progress in integrated circuits' performance has been supported by the miniaturization of the transistor feature size. With transistor scalability gradually slowing down,
new concepts have to be introduced in order to maintain a computational speed increase at reduced power consumption for future micro and nanoelectronic devices. A promising alternative to
the charge degree of freedom currently used in Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor (MOSFET) switches is to take into account the electron's spin degree of freedom. Employing
spin as an additional degree of freedom is promising for boosting the efficiency of future low-power integrated circuits.
The Spin Field-Effect Transistor (SpinFET) is a future semiconductor spintronic device potentially providing a performance superior to that achieved in the present transistor technology.
A SpinFET is composed of two ferromagnetic contacts (source and drain) connected to the semiconductor channel. The ferromagnetic source (drain) contact injects (detects) spin-polarized
electrons to (from) the semiconductor region. Thus ferromagnetic contacts act as polarizer and analyzer for the electron spin. Due to the non-zero spin-orbit interaction the electron spin
precesses during the propagation through the channel. Only the electrons with the spin aligned to the drain magnetization can leave the channel at the drain contact and contribute to the
current. Current modulation is achieved by changing the strength of the spin-orbit interaction in the semiconductor region and thus the degree of the spin precession.
Two dominant mechanisms of the spin-orbit interaction in the III-V semiconductor heterostructures are of Rashba and Dresselhaus types. The Rashba type of the spin-orbit interaction is due
to the structural asymmetry and the Dresselhaus type of the spin-orbit interaction is caused by the absence of bulk inversion symmetry. We use InAs, which is characterized by a strong
value of the spin-orbit interaction and silicon-based SpinFETs. As silicon characteristically has a weak spin-orbit interaction it was not considered as a candidate for the SpinFET
channel material. Recently, however, it was shown that thin silicon films inside SiGe/Si/SiGe structures may have relatively large values of spin-orbit interaction. Interestingly, the
strength of the Rashba spin-orbit interaction is weak and is approximately ten times smaller than the value of the dominant contribution, which is of a Dresselhaus type.
Figure 1 displays the Tunneling MagnetoResistance (TMR) dependence on the strength of the spin-orbit interaction at different temperatures in the InAs-based SpinFET. The TMR modulation is
preserved at elevated temperatures, thus opening a practical possibility to modulate the TMR by changing the value of Rashba spin-orbit interaction even at room temperature. Square
silicon fins of  and  orientations, with (001) horizontal faces are considered. The dependence of the TMR on the spin-orbit interaction is shown in figure 2. Fins with 
orientation posses a larger subband effective mass compared to  oriented fins. Therefore a smaller variation of the Dresselhaus spin-orbit interaction is required in  oriented
fins to achieve the same variation of TMR.