(6.16)  
(6.17) 
The carrier temperature defined by eqn. (2.94) is a measure of average carrier energy. The diagonal component of the temperature tensor is given by . Offdiagonal components are neglected. The solution variable is still the carrier temperature , whereas the tensor components and the fourth order moment are modeled empirically as functions of (enqs. (6.3) and (6.15)):
(6.20) 
(6.21)  
(6.22) 
The graphs of the functions of eqns. (6.18) and (6.19) are displayed in Fig. 6.7.
Both functions assume unity for and an asymptotic value for large . The exact shape of the transition between these two regions is only of minor importance and mainly affects the numerical stability. Therefore the transition should not be too steep. appeared to be an appropriate value. Parameter values for , , and can be roughly estimated from Monte Carlo simulations of onedimensional  test structures (Tbl. 6.1).
Monte Carlo results for the anisotropic temperature in a MOSFET are shown in Fig. 6.8 and Fig. 6.9 in comparison with the analytical models. Fig. 6.8 indicates that values for the anisotropy parameter can be as low as . Values close to for the nonMAXWELLian parameter in the channel region can be estimated from Fig. 6.9. These parameters show only a weak dependence on doping and applied voltage.


M. Gritsch: Numerical Modeling of SilicononInsulator MOSFETs PDF