Equation (4.1) shows the structure of the partial differential equation system describing the transport of quantities within a segment of the device geometry.
denotes the dependent variables which are the values of the affected quantities and is the number of equations. is either the electrostatic potential resulting from (4.5) or can be chosen to be one of the dependent variables by a corresponding statement in the input deck.
For a system of impurities the total net concentration of all impurities is given by equation (4.3). denotes the charge state of the impurity ( for neutral impurities, for singly ionized acceptors, and for singly ionized donors).
The electrostatic potential
is determined by the Poisson equation
(4.4)
By assuming vanishing space charge and the applicability of Boltzmann statistics the Poisson equation can be solved explicitly (4.5).