7.4 Radiation diagrams for the rectangular enclosure with a slot on one edge

Radiation diagram shapes vary with the positions, the amplitudes, and the phase relations
of the parallel plane excitation currents. For instance, placing a trace symmetric to the
symmetry line of the enclosure compensates the first resonance and thus changes the shape
of the radiation diagram. The radiation diagrams for the first six resonance modes of a
rectangular enclosure with the dimensions , , and the
excitation current position at
,
are presented in Figure
7.9. After the calculation of the voltages at the slot ports,
the diagrams have been obtained with (7.32). A method
for an approximate estimation of the enclosure wall influences was presented in
[110]. The accurate calculation of the walls requires three-dimensional
full wave simulation. However, the directivity and also the wall influence is low for an
enclosure with
and the diagrams obtained
with (7.32) provide good first order information about
the spherical radiated field distribution.

The diagrams in Figure 7.9 also show significant radiation on
the back side of the enclosure. A shift of the source position out of the symmetry line
of the enclosure causes asymmetry in the radiation diagram. The main lob is oriented
parallel to the symmetry line of the enclosure in the middle of the slot up to the first
enclosure resonance.
This is also the main lob orientation for many higher order modes.

(a) (m=1, n=0) | (b) (m=2, n=0) |

(c) (m=2, n=1) | (d) (m=3, n=1) |

(e) (m=1, n=2). | (f) (m=3, n=1) |