As it was shown in the previous sections, the temperature is nearly always involved in parasitic effects and the temperature is mostly a result of electrical load. However, the temperature is a natural result of a system which dissipates power since it represents the change of the internal energy of the system as previously presented at the beginning of this chapter.
A common modeling approach for the heat source term in electro-magnetic systems can be expressed by (2.88) as
This rigorous determination of the power density couples the electro-magnetic and the thermal subsystems yields (2.9). For special materials which show for instance PELTIER2.25 and SEEBECK effects, equation (2.97) has to be appropriately expanded by introducing an additional term accounting for these effects as proposed in [61,66] and reads