### 5.8 Alloy Scattering

We consider an alloy A_{x}B_{1-x}C, where the atoms A and B are distributed randomly and the crystal
potential V (x _{∥ } ) is not periodic. In general, the crystal potential of an alloy can be represented in terms
of an average potential V (x_{∥}), which is periodic, plus a fluctuating potential δV (x_{∥}) which describes
the local departure of the actual alloy potential V (x_{∥}) from the average potential V (x_{∥}). An
effective scattering process (alloy scattering) is introduced by this fluctuating potential
δV (x _{∥ } ).

Here, we will introduce the most important expressions and identities for the mentioned potentials,
and the detailed derivation of the alloy scattering rate can be looked up in Appendix B.6. The crystal
potential for the alloy A_{x}B_{1-x}C is the superposition of the potential contributed by the atoms A, B
and C, which can be written as [93]

| (5.38) |

By introducing the mathematical identities

the crystal potential is given by
| (5.39) |

where the average lattice potential V (x_{∥}) can be written as

| (5.40) |

and the fluctuating potential δV (x_{∥}) reads

The alloy scattering rate can be expressed as [94]
| (5.42) |

In heterostructures, the alloy scattering rate is found to be independent of the electron kinetic energy.
The volume of the elementary cell is given as Ω_{0} = a_{0}^{2}∕4.