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6.2.1 PoissonBoltzmann Model
The often employed PoissonBoltzmann model is a good approximation for electrolytes from several
upwards. Assuming that the dissolved buffer ions are in thermodynamical equilibrium with their environment and their concentration only depends on the local potential, the charge contribution from the buffer can be written as sum over all ionic species of the buffer weighted with Boltzmann type terms
and their valences.
The PoissonBoltzmann model has been already introduced in Section 5.3 and is now generalized to a twodimensional formulation^{6.1}:

(6.1) 
denotes Boltzmann's constant, the temperature in Kelvin, and , where S contains the valences of the ions in the electrolyte.
is the permittivity of vacuum, and denotes the elementary charge.
is the chemical potential.
is the ion concentration in equilibrium, while
is the relative permittivity of water.
represents the average space charge density in the simulation zone, where the charged macromolecules are held.
Footnotes
 ... formulation^{6.1}
 In general this formulation can be extended to three dimensions, but due to the device geometry twodimensional cuts are sufficient.
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T. Windbacher: Engineering Gate Stacks for FieldEffect Transistors