In case of oxidation there exist two segments, one for silicon and one for SiO, with an interface. It is not a problem to make a mesh for such structures, but the SiO-growth results in a moving boundary problem, which means that the interface should move after each simulation step. In order to reach the new position of the interface, new grid points are inserted and a remeshing step has to be performed [61,63]. These mesh operations demand complicated algorithms.
The basic idea of this model is to define the regions of and SiO on a single and static mesh with a separating parameter . In this model plays a key role, because the main interest of oxidation simulation is to predict the shape of the SiO-domain. Since the newly formed SiO leads to a significant volume increase and so to large displacements or stresses, the modeling of the mechanics also plays an important role. Besides the oxidant diffusion and the change of , the mechanics is an important part of the mathematical formulation.