Chapter 7
Dynamics in Action

He that will not apply new remedies must expect new evils.
Francis Bacon

All of the descriptions of dynamics given in Chapter 5 can be rendered using the simple concept of curves (Definition 45) associated with the evolution of the system, whether they appear merely as a means to track evolution or are seen as an essential component such as representatives of the flow (Definition 67) driving evolution.

The following expositions will focus on the use of the Hamiltonian formalism, where curves, also called trajectories, are an essential component of modelling, since the whole phase space is subject to evolution due to the Hamiltonian flow. Since here an individual curve, which is an integral curve (Definition 63) of the Hamiltonian vector field (Definition 62), is a representative of the flow, the evolution of any point along the curve is described by a simple shift along the curve. Since the integral curves of a Hamiltonian vector fields never intersect (with the exception of singularities), the evolution of every point is uniquely determined by knowing the integral curve.

Thus, using a discretization of the domain of interest as described in Section 6.5, it is possible to derive the evolution of a dynamic system in the environment of digital computers. However, the theoretical and practical considerations hampering direct utilization still apply.

Thus the reduction such as due to Boltzmann’s equation becomes a natural choice for further considerations. Boltzmann’s equation, however, also proved to be elusively difficult to solve in a rigorous manner. This resulted in intense investigation of properties which could be extracted without actually solving the equation, or the gauging of the appropriateness of approximations.

 7.1 Equilibrium and Macroscopic Quantities
  Macroscopic Description of Electrons in Semiconductors
 7.2 Tracing Phase Space – Components from Theory
  7.2.1 Sections of Trajectories
  7.2.2 Trajectory Hopping
  7.2.3 Bridging Two Worlds
 7.3 Among Quanta
  7.3.1 A Coherent Phase Space Illustration
  7.3.2 Phase Space Capturing Quantum Effects
 7.4 Bordering Two Worlds Again
  7.4.1 Wigner Boltzmann Equation
  7.4.2 Approximation to Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Devices